It is the allergic reactions in people with the substances that they come in contact with every day can be chemicals, cosmetics, microbes, and dust particles. Sometimes, changing the cosmetic products due to several reasons like unavailability or cost, etc can be the trigger this dermatitis. This shows the sensitivity towards that chemical. When the skin becomes irritated by some external factor and gives allergic reactions, this skin condition is called Contact Dermatitis.
Contact Dermatitis depends upon the cause and skin sensitivity towards that substance or allergen. In particular, reactions might be different from people to people. Skin irritation can give discomfort, but reactions and irritation are not severe and can disappear with time and even much faster if treated properly.
Symptoms and Types of Contact Dermatitis
When some people are allergic to some substances, coming in contact with that substance produces allergic contact dermatitis symptoms that make skin dry, flaky, itchy, and red with a burning sensation. In some cases, skin gets swollen due to allergic reactions, mostly in the area around the face and neck. Blisters on the skin, swelling, cracking of skin due to dryness are common symptoms of Irritant contact dermatitis. Irritant contact dermatitis is very common when the skin comes in contact with something toxic, and it gives skin allergies. In this type of dermatitis, skin shows sensitivity towards battery acid, bleach, drain cleaners, kerosene, detergent, plants, fertilizers, and pesticides. People who are more exposed to detergents, such as healthcare workers, metalworkers, gardeners and agricultural workers, auto mechanics, construction workers, cleaners, hairdressers, often experience skin allergies of hands. Dealing with harsh chemicals can also cause other skin diseases, so it is recommended to protect skin by wearing good quality gloves. If the skin has painful blisters, and systemic features which include fever, this might be because of superimposing infection. Photo contact dermatitis is less common. In this type, some skin products react to sun exposure and give skin rashes, irritation, redness, and swelling.
Most common allergens include nickel which is used in jewelry, formaldehyde, skincare products, and some plants such as oak also cause skin irritation. Contact dermatitis goes on its own in most cases when the skin is no longer in contact with the substance, but care and prevention are necessary. On the irritated skin, we should not unnecessarily apply skin products that can cause more harm, do not scratch or rub the skin as it can make it worse, and cause skin infection, which requires medication to heal.
If the skin is infected crucially and not healing on its own, then the person should seek medical help. Dr. Nivedita Dadu, the best contact dermatitis doctor in Delhi, provides proper treatment for the concern based on its severity. The following are the tips recommended by Dr. Dadu to manage contact dermatitis.
To reduce skin inflammation, redness, and swelling, some natural products are also used, like coconut oil that has moisturizing properties; that also reduces bacterial growth. Neem oil has antibacterial properties that can also prevent skin infections. Honey can also be applied, and it may reduce inflammation and skin irritation. Also, it has moisturizing properties, and honey also has antiseptic and antibacterial properties. Vitamin E can be applied by mixing it with any mild cold-pressed oil.
The patient must only opt for home remedies only after consulting a doctor because every skin is different. To get the best treatment for contact dermatitis in Delhi, one can visit Dadu Medical Centre.