PCOD

PCOD

PCOD

PCOD

Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) is a common problem affecting many females of reproductive age (12-45 years) worldwide (one-third of women around the globe). It is an ovarian condition wherein the ovaries start producing many partially – mature or immature eggs (oocytes) that eventually results in multiple cysts formation rather than normal ovulation. This occurs when the ovaries grow in size and begins to produce a large number of androgens (male sex hormone) leading to hormonal imbalance. Other factors that increase the chances of PCOD include improper diet, lack of exercise, stress, family history or other lifestyle disorder. 
PCOD causes the growth of cysts in ovaries and these are the major cause of hormonal imbalance. If the condition is diagnosed earlier, it becomes easier to prevent this condition and long-term health problems. 
It can be investigated by different hormonal and metabolic blood investigation and ultrasound of the pelvis and abdomen.
 

PCOD

What are the symptoms/consequences of PCOD?

 

  • Sleeping difficulties.
  • Abdominal weight gains or trouble in losing weight.
  • Irregular menstrual periods or heavy menstrual flow.
  • Problems in pregnancy (difficulty to conceive).
  • Hair loss or thinning of hair and dandruff.
  • Skin problems like acne (usually on the face, chest, and upper back); skin tags (painless, benign skin growths in flaps of skin like armpits and neck area); and Acanthosis nigricans (dark-colored, velvety skin discolorations in folds or creases of the body like underneath breasts, groins, or neck)- leading to dry and sometimes itchy skin.
  • Hirsutism- Unwanted hair growth (usually darker and thicker) on the face or other body parts such as the back, stomach, and chest.
  • Type-2 diabetes (insulin resistance) or gestational diabetes.
  • Depression and Anxiety (some people may have a headache).
  • High cholesterol levels lead to a risk of having heart disease or hypertension.
  • Unwanted fatigue.

Lifestyle modifications to manage PCOD

Women can beat PCOD by managing their respective health concerns such as hirsutism, acne, obesity, or infertility. Some lifestyle habits that shall be encouraged among all women include:

1. Proper diet-

The individual shall intake whole, unprocessed foods in their natural, unaltered form such as grains, rice, pulses, nuts, seeds, fruits, and vegetables. Anti-inflammatory foods such as fish rich in fatty acids; olive oil; nuts like walnuts and almonds; green leafy vegetables such as spinach and kale; tomatoes; and fruits like strawberries, oranges, blueberries, and cherries are also useful. The consumption of all these items in a balanced diet helps in keeping check of insulin levels and provides dietary fibers that reduce the androgens. Unnatural foods like refined pasta and bread; ready-to-eat foods like chips; and refined oils should be avoided as they spike the insulin levels and have zero nutrition value. 

2. Regular exercise-

It is one of the key things that every woman suffering from PCOD should work upon to bring back their imbalanced hormonal levels and to improve insulin sensitivity. It is recommended by the experts that women should indulge themselves in normal physical activity; mind and body exercises like yoga, pilates, dance ; aerobic exercises such as swimming, biking, dancing, brisk walking; or enroll in High-Intensity Interval Training (resistance training) for 20 minutes, 4 to 5 times a week to improve endurance and muscle strength. The exercises that can be included in the training are push-ups, squats, sit-ups, or lifting weights.

3. Learn to relax-

Women that have anxiety, depression, mood swings, and are emotionally frustrated have body shape issues should take a break from their stressful environment. They should listen to music, meditate, have a bubble bath, meet friends and family, or go for a nature walk. This will help reduce their cortisol levels as they will feel at peace and happy. Even sitting peacefully and taking deep breaths can work. 

4. Stop smoking or alcohol consumption-

It is necessary as it would prevent the adding of toxins from tobacco and high calories from alcohol in the body.  

At Dadu Medical Centre, the doctor clinically diagnosed PCOS by asking the following. 

  • History of current and past health problems and menstrual cycles.
  • Physical examination is done to look for signs of PCOS, like acne/ comedones, excessive facial body hair, and, thinning of scalp hair.
  • BMI is also checked.
  • Laboratory tests like blood tests and hormone tests are also done. Hormonal tests are done to rule out thyroid and other glandular problems.
  • A pelvic ultrasound test is may be done to look for cysts in the ovary. 

Many people try natural remedies and perform lifestyle modifications to cure these problems. If they are not able to manage these problems, they can book an appointment with a PCOS doctor in Delhi at Dadu Medical Centre to get the best cure for this problem.

At the clinic, advanced laser treatments are provided to remove unwanted body hair and both hormonal and advanced skin treatments are provided to manage acne problems.
 

Clinic timings (By Appointment Only)
Monday to Saturday : 9:00 AM to 6:00 PM
Sunday : 9:30 AM to 6:30 PM
Timings for Consultation
(Dr. Nivedita Dadu)
Vasant Vihar: Tuesday, Thursday & Saturday - 10:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Rajouri Garden: Monday, Wednesday & Friday - 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM

have any questions?

Fields marked with * are required

By clicking on "Submit", you agree to our Privacy Policy, Disclaimer and Terms & Conditions.

Follow Us On