Pigmentation can be triggered by the unwanted consequence of internal physical factors and/or external factors, and the pigmentation areas on the skin are presented as uneven skin tone, freckles, melasma, age spots, etc.
The melanocyte produces the following color type of melanin
Causes of Pigmentation
Factors like UV radiation( by sunlight or other light sources) stimulate excess melanin production and cause pigmentation. Other factors can also impair melanin production, such as stress, hormonal imbalance, sleep disorders, the side effect of chronic diseases or medications, pregnancy, injury, acne breakouts, burns, and cause dark pigmented patches of the skin.
Pigmentation problems can occur when there is excess production of melanin (hyperpigmentation) or lesser production of melanin (hypopigmentation). Most commonly people experience one or other form of hyperpigmentation i.e. skin darkening or dark spots. The following are different types of hyperpigmentation:
Melasma or chloasma is a type of acquired hyperpigmentation. The condition is most common in young to middle-aged females and adult men as well and also common in dark skin tone people. The condition is characterised by brown macules that mostly affect the areas near the eyes, and malar (cheek) area , upper lip, nose or forehead area. Factors like genetics, hormonal changes, and excessive exposure to UV radiation can trigger melasma. Other risk factors that cause melasma are:
2. Liver spots/Age spots/Solar lentigines
Age spots are the most common type of hyperpigmentation and are mostly caused by sun damage with age. They mostly appear on the face, hands, and shoulders. They can vary in color from brown to grey, and they can be very small or very large and can appear in group or clusters. People who have light skin tone are more prone to get age spots.
They are a type of small brown spots and can appear anywhere on the face and body. Millions of people worldwide have freckle, they also have the tendency to develop other pigmentary disorders and the prevalence of freckles is also directly corresponding with sun exposure.
4. Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
This is the type of pigmentation that is formed when the skin has been damaged or has undergone some form of trauma or infection or inflammation. As the skin heals itself it may leave dark brown spots on the skin.
These pigmentation marks are present at birth and are caused by clusters of pigmented cells. Sometimes these are difficult to treat pigmentation,may decrease even without treatment, and sometimes they change over time. They can be present anywhere in the body.
Pigmentation is a Common Cosmetic Concern
Not all are gifted with clear, pigmentation-free skin but if it bothers the person he/she can opt for pigmentation treatment. With the help of a wide range of pigmentation reduction treatments in Delhi available at Dadu Medical Centre, one can achieve the desired even skin tone. Dr. Nivedita Dadu, the founder of Dadu Medical Centre, emphasizes on finding the root cause of the disease (pigmentation), as diagnosing the root cause helps find the most suitable treatment for better and longer lasting results.
Best Pigmentation Treatments in Delhi provided at Dadu Medical Centre
1. Chemical Peel
The peel corrects the skin problems at the cellular level and erases fine lines, exfoliates, and fades the spots by breaking dark pigmentation. The acidic chemicals used in the formulations help provide varying levels of effects using medical-grade ingredients found naturally in plants and fruit to offer the best results.
The safe, customized, and controlled acid blends are applied to the skin by the doctor after proper analysis of the skin type and concern. Then depending on the skin type, the strength, and depth of the treatment, the surface skin will peel off, and the new skin is healthier and youthful. The peels remove the melanin pigment and also boost collagen production. The treatment can be performed on the face, neck, hand, and chest.
2. DMC-Miracle Infusum®
The multi step treatment includes the cleansing and exfoliation of the skin, and then a brightening peel of fruit extract is applied to reduce the appearance of dark spots and also boost collagen production. Then a face mask is applied to the skin that repairs the skin damage and encourages the blood circulation to improve the appearance of dark circles. In the last step, sunscreen is applied to protect the skin from damage caused by sun rays and prevent premature skin aging.
This is an inhouse curated skin treatment that uses the blend of the latest technologies to cater to pigmentation problems and make the skin look brighter and glowing. Pigmentation can make one look more aged than their actual age. The treatment used the combination of lasers and infusion of skin lightening or hydrating agents that help to reduce hyperpigmentation and offer a brighter and lighter skin tone. Microdermabrasion help remove dull and dead skin cells and prep the skin, laser pigmentation removal breaks the dermal layers, and excess pigmentation provides anti-aging benefits and makes the skin look tightened and brighter. A special device is then used to infuse skin lightening and hydrating agents into the skin's deep layers. The agents are delivered into the deeper skin layers with the help of a micro channeling device. The treatment also stimulates the skin healing response, improves collagen production, and provides a brighter skin tone.
4. DMC-Magic Blend®
Magic blend is one of the most advanced and effective treatment for one who suffers from hyperpigmentation & discoloration. The treatment can improve melasma, dull skin, dark spots, post inflammatory hyperpigmentation, blemishes. The peel works wonders in people with both dark and light skin tones. The peel contains special ingredients that correct hyperpigmentation while regulating the overproduction of melanin in melanocytes. This depigmentation peels also lower oxidative stress and helps reduce the excess melanin and prevent new dark spots. The peel helps stimulate the formation of new skin cells and provides a brighter and improved skin tone.
As the skin age, the skin becomes sluggish, and cell turnover decreases and may result in dehydrated and dull skin, this treatment is infusion of cocktail of serums that contain medicines, vitamins, and minerals to correct pigmentation. The ingredients are injected into the mesoderm layer, and the appearance of increased pigmentation due to dehydration and prolonged exposure to environmental factors can be dramatically improved using specifically selected lightening agents.
6. Laser Toning
Aging, sun exposure, hormonal changes, pregnancy and hormonal drugs contribute to skin darkening and pigmentation concerns. Laser toning is one of the most effective methods to treat pigmentation, sun spots, freckles, eye bags and offers improved skin tone, brighter appearance, and firmness along with long-lasting results. The laser toning treatment works by delivering laser energy that penetrates into the dermal layer of the skin and removes pigmentation and promotes sub-dermal collagen production and provides skin with a youthful glow. The laser toning mode follows thermolysis and without causing any damage to the upper skin surface.
The treatment is highly effective in treating hyperpigmentation on dark skin tone people. The treatment creates rejuvenating microchannels and promotes a more balanced and normalized cellular function. The treatment targets the melanocyte and repairs the concerns and encourages an even skin tone, and helps achieve a radiant look.
General Tips for managing pigmentation
It is very important to consult a doctor as they provide the treatment after properly analyzing the skin concern. One should avoid using OTC products without consulting a doctor as they can worsen the condition. The cost of pigmentation treatment in Delhi at Dadu Medical Centre is quite affordable for all. Please feel free to connect with us at +91-9667721501 or +91-9810939319.